Saltwater fishing tackle contains special gear for fishing in a saltwater environment. The term “tackle” generally refers to any gear used in fishing including nets, rods, reels, bait, hooks, lures and more.
The metal used in fishing tackle is the main difference between saltwater fishing tackle and freshwater fishing tackle. The saltwater fishing equipment cannot contain any aluminum, iron or steel parts that may be used in freshwater fishing because of the risk of corrosion from the salinity of the water. Instead, the metal parts of saltwater tackle need to be made of metals such as nickel chrome or stainless steel. It is also important to take care of saltwater fishing tackle by thoroughly rinsing it with water after each use and keeping moving metal parts well lubricated. This will ensure that any money invested in the equipment is well spent.
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There is a large variety of saltwater fish. Inshore fish species that are popular for saltwater fishing include redfish, mackerel, flounder, bluefish and tarpon. Popular offshore fish species for saltwater fishing include grouper, kingfish, sailfish, seabass, snapper and tuna. The area being fished, whether inshore or offshore, and the type of fish being sought will determine what should be included in an angler’s saltwater fishing tackle.
Saltwater Fishing Rods
The fishing rods included in a tackle box make a big difference in terms of both enjoyment and the type of fish being caught. Saltwater fishing requires equipment made of high-tech materials tough enough to withstand both the saltwater environment and the tough fish that live in it. Saltwater rods should be purchased with the length, action and power needed in mind. A longer rod tends to cast farther while a shorter rod tends to provide more power for fighting strong fish. These rods are usually made of graphite which is stiffer and more sensitive or fiberglass which is more powerful and tough.
Saltwater Fishing Reels
Reels for saltwater fishing tackle can be purchased in high speed or low speed varieties. High speed reels use a gear ratio more than 6:1 to retrieve bait at extremely fast rates of speed. Low speed reels use a gear ratio less than 4:1 to offer more power for bringing in larger fish. Some reels allow an angler to switch speeds between high and low with a push of a button. This would allow for a greater variety of fishing techniques and species being fished. The reel should match the line weight of the rod being used for saltwater fishing. It’s also important to consider the line capacity when purchasing a reel. This is usually marked on the reel itself in feet per pound of test line.
Saltwater Fishing Hooks
Saltwater fishing hooks are generally made out of stainless steel or high carbon steel. Stainless steel is completely non-corrosive but tends to become brittle and is prone to breakage. High carbon steel does rust but is not nearly as brittle and can survive being bent and twisted. It is important to remember both the size of the fish and the bait when choosing a hook from the saltwater fishing tackle box. Generally speaking, small fish or small bait need smaller hooks while larger fish and larger lures need larger hooks.
The saltwater environment tends to be harsh on saltwater fishing tackle. It is important to buy high quality fishing tackle that is meant to be used in saltwater fishing and properly maintain all equipment.