Fishing tackle is a general term that refers to the equipment used by fishermen. Almost any fishing equipment can be referred to as fishing tackle including hooks, lures, nets, bait, rods, bobbers and reels. Freshwater fishing tackle is the gear used specifically to catch fish that live in freshwater.
Fish that live in freshwater include trout, salmon, sturgeon, pike and bass. These fish spend all or a portion of their lives in freshwater including lakes, rivers and ponds. The biggest difference between freshwater and marine water is that the salinity levels of freshwater is only about 0.05%. Approximately 41% of all known species of fish live in freshwater. These fish have physiological differences from marine fish to survive by keeping the correct ion concentration balance in their bodies. These differences in the fish themselves lead to differences in the types of baits, lures and freshwater fishing tackle in general that should be used when fishing.
When fishing for freshwater fish species for the dinner table, you can’t go wrong with walleye, crappie, bass, catfish and bluegill. More from Grit »
Freshwater Fishing Bait
Generally speaking, there are two kinds of fishing baits – live bait and artificial bait. Live bait includes things like worms, doughballs and fish roe. Artificial bait is flavored or scented fake bait that attracts a fish to bite it. The trick to catching any kind of fish with freshwater fishing tackle is to know what they normally eat. Once you know what they eat, it’s easy to find the appropriate bait. Be aware that freshwater fishing with live bait is illegal in some areas. Make sure to check local regulations and obtain a fishing license before heading out with your freshwater fishing tackle box for a day of recreational fishing.
Freshwater Fishing Lure
A lure is designed to imitate a fish’s natural prey and is attached with at least one hook at the end of a fishing line. The movement, color and vibration of the lure is designed to attract the fish’s attention. There are three varieties of lures that can be found in freshwater fishing tackle – spinners, plugs and spoons. Spinners vibrate and reflect light with a spinning blade at the front of the lure. Plugs are made to resemble bait fish and are generally made of plastic or balsa wood. Spoons are made to dart side to side and up and down through the water, wobble and reflect light to attract the attention of fish. If a lure is not bringing much success when freshwater fishing, change to a different lure from the freshwater fishing tackle box.
Freshwater Fishing Bobbers
A bobber is a spherical plastic ball found in a freshwater fishing tackle box to adjust the depth that is being fished. Different fish live at different depths in a freshwater setting. For example, coho salmon tend to stay between the surface of the water and a depth of about 98 feet. A bobber makes it easy to adjust the depth of freshwater fishing by simply moving the line up or down.
Nearly half of all known fish species are freshwater making freshwater fishing an extremely popular pastime. It’s easy to get started fishing when your freshwater fishing tackle contains all the right equipment for the fish you are trying to catch.